Kofi Annan (born: 8 April 1938 – died: 18 August 2018) is a Ghanaian diplomat. He was employed in the UN from 1962 to 1974 and from 1974 to 2006. He was Secretary General of the United Nations for two terms from January 1, 1997, to December 31, 2006. He was co-awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001 with the United Nations.
|Kofi Annan Biography|
Early life and education of Kofi Annan
Kofi Annan was born on April 8, 1938, in the city of Kumasi in the Gold Coast (present-day Ghana). From 1954 to 1957, Kofi Annan took education at Muffintima School. Annan flew to the US on the hostel of the Ford Foundation in 1957. From 1958 to 1961, he studied economics at McAlester College in the city of Saint Paul in Minnesota State, and in 1961 he received a bachelor’s degree. In 1961, Annan made Daea degree from Geneva’s Graduate Institute of International Studies in “International Relations”. He obtained MS degree in Management from MIT in Alfred Sloan Fellows from 1971 to June 1972. Annan is fluent in English, French, Crew, Akan’s other dialects, and other African languages.
Kofi Annan’s Early Carrier
In 1962, Kofi Annan started work as a budget officer for the United Nations Organization, the World Health Organization. They lived with the World Health Organization until 1965 From 1965 to 1972, he worked for the United Nations Economic Commission for Afrika, in the capital of Ethiopia, Addeis Abbas. He remained as an administrative management officer for the United Nations in Geneva from August 1972 to May 1974. After the Arab-Israeli War of 1973, from May 1974 to November 1974, he worked as the Chief Personnel Officer of the United Nations’s civilian staff in peacekeeping operations in Egypt. After that he left the United Nations and returned to Ghana. From 1974 to 1976 he remained as Director of Tourism in Ghana.
In 1976, he returned to Geneva to work in the United Nations. In 1980, he was appointed Deputy Director of United Nations Refugees High Commission. In 1984, he returned to New York as president of the United Nations Department of the Budget. In 1987, he was appointed the United Nations Human Resources Department and in 1990 the assistant general secretary of the budget and planning department. From March 1992 to February 1993, he was Assistant Secretary-General of Peace Operations. In March 1993, he was appointed as the Secretary-General of the United Nations and he was working in this post until December 1996.
Kofi Annan United Nations Secretary-General
Annan was General Secretary of the United Nations from 1 January 1997 to 31 December 2006. In 2001, he and the United Nations were co-awards with the Nobel Peace Prize.
Kofi Annan’s Appointment
On December 13, 1996, the United Nations Security Council recommended Annan so that he could replace former Secretary-General Dr. Botrice Bottus Ghali. The second term of Dr. Ghali was to face the US veto. Four days later, he started his first term from the elections of the General Assembly on 1 January 1997.
Kofi Annan’s Work
In 1997, he established United Nations Development Group to increase harmony among the various organizations of the United Nations.
During his tenure, in 2000, the United Nations adopted the Millennium Development Goal, under which by 2015, it was resolved to reduce poverty in the world.
He made administrative and financial improvements in the United Nations, including a major administrative reconstitution of the secretariat.
Kofi Annan’s Personal Life
He was married to Titi and his daughter Ama was born in Lagos city, Nigeria in November 1969. In July 1973, his son Kozho was born.
Kofi Annan died
Former United Nations Secretary-General and Nobel Peace Prize winner Kofi Annan has died in a Switzerland hospital. He was 80 years old and was ill from some time.
Kofi Annan was the first African to reach top position in the United Nations. He was the General Secretary of the United Nations for two terms between 1997 and the year 2006.
The current Secretary-General Antonio Guttersh has described Kofi Annan as a path to betterment.
Russia’s President Vladimir Putin has said that Kofi Annan also introduced intellect and courage in difficult times.
Former US President Barack Obama has described Kofi Annan as a person who always emphasized on betterment.
Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair described Kofi Annan as a true politician and a good friend.
US invasion of Iraq
A week’s national mourning has been announced in Annan’s country of Ghana.
Kofi Annan considered the Millennial Development Goals as their biggest achievement, in which the global goals were set for the first time to end the problems like poverty and child mortality.
However, during the Kofi Annan tenure, questions were raised on the United Nations when the Iraqi leadership was attacked by the United States, which was later called ‘Non-legal’ occupation in Annan.
Kofi Annan had earlier been head of UN peacekeeping operations. Then he had to face criticism for failing to stop the massacre in Rwanda.
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